How are joint ventures accounted for?

How are joint ventures accounted for?
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How are joint ventures accounted for?

i. What is an investment in a joint venture?

- A contractual agreement involved two or more parties.

- The parties involved have joint control over the business activity.

ii. Types of Joint venture

- Jointly controlled operations

- Jointly controlled assets

- Jointly controlled entities

iii. Recognition and measurement

1. Jointly controlled operations

Definition:

- Two or more venturers use their resources or expertise to produce a product.

- Each venture bears its expenses and liabilities and raises its finance.

- The revenue from the sale of the joint product and any expenses incurred in common are shared among the venturers.

Recognition in venturer's financial statements:

- Assets and liabilities incurred

- Expenses incurred and share of income

2. Jointly controlled assets

Definition:

- The joint control, and often the joint ownership, of assets dedicated to the joint venture.

Recognition in venturer's financial statements:

- share of the jointly controlled assets

- share of any liabilities incurred jointly or incurred by the venturer

- share of income

- share of expenses incurred.

3. Jointly controlled entities

Definition:

- A corporation, partnership, or other entity in which each venturer has an interest.

Recognition in venture’s financial statements:

(i) Cost model

- Cost less accumulated impairment losses

- Recognise distributions received from the investment as income

(ii) Equity model

- Recognise at the transaction price (including transactions costs)

- Subsequently adjusted to reflect the investor’s share of the profit or loss

(iii) Fair value model

- Initially, measured at transaction price (exclude transaction cost).

- Subsequently, measured at fair value, any changes recognized in profit or loss

4. What differentiates an interest in the joint venture from an investment in an associate?

Investment in associate = The investor has significant influence over the investee, by possessing the power to participate in their financial and operating decisions.

Joint venture = The parties involved have the power to joint control over the arrangement.

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