Accounting for lease under MPERS Section 20

Accounting for lease under MPERS Section 20
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Finance lease vs Operating lease under MPERS Section 20

What is Lease?

An agreement stated the transfer of an asset with the right of use by a lessor to a lessee.

There are two types of leases which are

- Finance lease

- Operating lease

Differences between a finance lease and an operating lease?

Classification of Finance lease:

- Ownership of the asset will be transferred to the lessee by the end of the lease term.

- Lease term is for the major part of the useful life of the asset even if the title is not transferred.

- Lessee has the option to purchase the asset at a lower price compared to the fair value.

- Present value of the minimum lease payments amounts to at least substantially all of the fair value of the leased asset.

- Leased assets have specialised nature that only the lessee can use without major modifications.

Classification of Operating lease:

- Lease does not transfer substantially all risks and rewards incidental to ownership.

Recognition and measurement for a lessee - Finance lease

Statement of Financial Position – Assets and Liabilities

- Recognise as assets and liabilities at amounts equal to:-

o the fair value of the assets; or

o if lower, the present value of the minimum lease payments

- Initial direct costs of the lessee are added to the amount recognised as an asset

- Using the effective interest method to reduce the outstanding liability

Statement of Comprehensive Income - Expenses

- Depreciate the asset according to lease term or useful life

- Finance charges of each period during the lease term

Operating lease

- Recognise lease payments as an expense over the lease term on a straight-line basis

Disclosure for lessee

Finance lease

- Carrying amount of the asset

- Amount of future minimum lease payment.

i) Not later than one year

ii) Later than one year and not later than five years

iii) Later than five years

Operating lease

- Amount of future minimum lease payment under non-cancellable operating leases

i) Not later than one year

ii) Later than one year and not later than five years

iii) Later than five years

- Lease payment is recognised as an expense.

Source:

MPERS 20 Leases

https://bit.ly/3wEJJXO

 

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