How to amend tax return after filing

How to amend tax return after filing
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How to amend tax return after filing

Overview

Inland Revenue Board (IRB) allows taxpayers to file an Amended Return Form (ARF) if taxpayers need to fix an error or mistake and result in under-payment of taxes.

However, how about if the taxpayer has overpaid the taxes because forgot to claim a tax credit or deduction in Income Tax Return Form (ITRF)? Don't worry, the taxpayer can make an application for relief under Section 131 and 131A of the Income Tax Act 1967 (ITA).

Let's see the conditions and procedure to be satisfied with the application.

Key takeaway:

You will understand:

1. What is considered an error or mistake in ITRF?

2. What are the time frames for the application?

3. What are the conditions for application?

4. How to apply for relief?

Summary of learning:

What is considered an error or mistake in ITRF?

The taxpayer had paid excessive tax because of the following reason:

- Error or omission to deduct an allowable expense

- Arithmetical error

- Misleading of laws

- Income for the previous YA is reported in current YA

- Other non-error or mistake, for example, approval of tax exemption under Promotion of Investment Act 1986.

What is the conditions for application?

The conditions under Section 131 and Section 131(A) of ITA are:

1. To take note that the application will not be considered if the ITRF is in accordance with known stand, rules and practices the DGIR prevailing at the time when the assessment is made.

o Example of the known stand, rules and practices are private ruling or advances ruling, guidelines by IRB, case law and any other written evidence.

2. Taxpayer must pay all the taxes for the relevant year of assessment.

3. Taxpayer must make an application within the time frames after the year assessment.

What are the time frames for the application?

The application for the relief can be made within the following time frames:

i. Within 5 years after the end of the year:

o The errors or mistakes found after the end of the year of assessment in which the assessment is deemed.

o Approval of any exemption, relief, remission, allowance or deduction is granted after year assessment in which the ITRF is furnished; or

o Deduction is granted under ITA or written law gazetted after the ITRF is furnished;

ii. Within 1-year after the end of the year:

o Deduction on expenses is allowed after the payment of withholding tax and related increased taxes.

How to apply for relief?

Taxpayers can make an application for relief by a letter or Form CP15C by stating the reason in detail relating to the application.

Sources:

Public Ruling 7/2020 Appeal Against An Assessment And Application For Relief

https://phl.hasil.gov.my/pdf/pdfam/PR_07_2020.pdf

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